Techniques

Basic Tactics of Shogi; Tesuji – 6 Type of Forks Beginners Must Know

Posted: 03/04/2019 Updated:

Ayumi
I want to improve my shogi but I don't know what to do.
Kyosuke
You will improve your shogi if you learn "tesuji"

Tactics of shogi are called "tesuji(手筋)" in Japanese. Improve your shogi by learning tesuji.

This post describes basic tactics; forks. A fork is a move that uses one piece to attack two or more of the opponent's pieces simultaneously.

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Fork by Knight; Fundoshi no Kei

As shown in the lower figure, a fork by a knight is one of the most famous tactics in shogi. These tactics are also called "fundoshi no kei(ふんどしの桂)." It means "knight like pants."

Fork by Knight

Fork by Knight

If your opponent has a knight in hand you have to be careful with a fork.

 

Fork by Bishop

Fork by a bishop is also popular tactics as shown in the lower figure.

Fork by Bishop

Fork by Bishop

A double attack to a king and a rook like the upper figure is called "outebisha(王手飛車)." If you could do "outebisha" you probably will be able to win the game.

 

Fork by Rook

The lower figure shows a fork by rook, and it's also called "jujibisha (十字飛車)." Jujibisha means "rook of a cross symbol."

Fork by Rook

Fork by Rook

 

Fork by Lance

The lower figure shows a fork by a lance. These fork tactics are called "dengakuzashi (田楽刺し)" in Japanese.

Fork by Lance

Fork by Lance

These tactics are like a pin in chess. In shogi, however, a pin and a fork are generally classified as the same tactics.

 

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Fork by Silver

The lower figure shows a fork by a silver. These fork tactics are called "wariuchi no gin (割打ちの銀)" in Japanese.

Fork by Silver

Fork by Silver

This tactics basically attack pieces which cannot move diagonally backward like a gold general or a rook.

 

Fork between a Rook and a Bishop

You can attack the opponent's rook and bishop simultaneously by gold or silver as shown in the lower figure.

Fork by Silver

Fork by Silver

Fork by Gold

Fork by Gold

If the opponent's rook and bishop are next to each other, you may have a chance of fork tactics.

 

Summary

Kyosuke
This post described fork tactics.
Ayumi
I would like to try these tactics even now!!

 


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I’m Konan, and I live in Tokyo, Japan. I would like to tell you how interesting shogi is on this blog.