Rule of Shogi

Check and Checkmate – the Rules of Shogi (Japanese Chess)

Posted: 02/09/2019 Updated:

Kyousuke
I'll tell you check and checkmate in shogi.

This post describes the way to end the game of shogi.

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The Purpose of the Shogi Game

The purpose of the game is to capture the opponent's king.

 

Oute; Check

What is Oute; Check

As shown on the lower figure, if the gold general moves forward, the opponent's king is under threat of capture. A "check" is a condition that occurs when a king is threatened with capture on the next turn like the lower figure. A check is called "王手(Oute)" in Japanese.

Check with the Gold General

Fig1. Check with the Gold General

 

If the King is in Check

A player must avoid having the king captured if the king is in check.

Consider how the checked player avoids having the king captured in the upper figure. For example, if the king moves one square forward, the checked player can get out of check as shown in the lower figure.

Fig2. The King Captured the Gold General

Fig2. The King Captured the Gold General

 

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Tsumi; Checkmate

Consider the case as shown in the lower figure. A player checked the opponent's king with the gold general.

Checkmate with the Gold General

FIg3. Checkmate with the Gold General

In the case shown in the upper figure, the opponent cannot get out of check. Such a condition is called "checkmate" or "tsumi (詰み)."

A player wins a game if checkmating the opponent's king.

Fig4, Range where the Gold General and the Pawn can move

Fig4, Range where the Gold General and the Pawn can move

Ayumi
The rule of check and checkmate is almost same as chess.

 

The Way to End the Game

Basically, the game of shogi ends if one side of players checkmates the opponent's king. Types of the game ends are as follows

 

1. Checkmating the King of Opponent

A player wins a game when checkmating the king of the opponent.

 

2. The Opponent does not Get out of Check

A player win a game when the opponent didn't notice that the opponent's king is checked and does not get out of check.

 

3. The Opponent Resigns

A player wins a game when the opponent resigns.

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I’m Konan, and I live in Tokyo, Japan. I would like to tell you how interesting shogi is on this blog.