Rule of Shogi

Pieces Movement and Symbols – the Rules of Shogi (Japanese Chess)

Posted: 02/02/2019 Updated:

This post describes the name, movement, and symbols of shogi pieces.

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A Principle of Shogi Pieces

Shogi uses eight kinds of pieces. The pieces are pentagons and are made of wood. Kanji symbols are written on the front and back of the pieces.

At the beginning of a game, all the pieces are facing upward. When a piece promotes, a player turns the piece.

【Fig1. Peices of shogi】

【Fig1. Pieces of shogi】

 

Move of the King

Appearance Name Japanese Name Symbol
Normal King Ohsho
Promoted - - - -
【Move of the King】

【Move of the King】

【The King does not promote】

【The King does not promote】

A "king(王)" moves one square in any direction. The move is the same as a move of chess king. The king does not promote.

 

Move of the Rook and Promoted Rook

【Move of the Rook】

【Move of the Rook】

【Move of the promoted Rook】

【Move of the promoted Rook】

A "rook(飛)" moves any number of squares in an orthogonal direction. The move is the same as a move of chess rook. A "promoted rook(龍)" moves any number of squares orthogonally, or one square diagonally.

 

Move of the Bishop and Promoted Bishop

【Move of the Bishop】

【Move of the Bishop】

【Move of the promoted Bishop】

【Move of the promoted Bishop】

A "bishop(角)" moves any number of squares in a diagonal direction. The move is the same as a move of chess bishop. A promoted "bishop(馬)" moves any number of squares diagonally, or one square orthogonally.

 

Move of the Gold General

【Move of the Gold general】

【Move of the Gold general】

【The Gold general does not promote】

【The Gold general does not promote】

A "gold general(金)" moves one square orthogonally, or one square diagonally foward. The gold general does not promote.

 

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Move of the Silver General and Promoted Silver General

【Move of the Silver General】

【Move of the Silver General】

【Move of the promoted Silver General】

【Move of the promoted Silver General】

A "silver general(銀)" moves one square diagonally or one square straight forward. A "promoted silver general(成銀)" moves in the same way as gold general.

 

Move of the Knight and Promoted Knight

【Move of the Knight】

【Move of the Knight】

【Move of the promoted Knight】

【Move of the promoted Knight】

A "knight(桂)" moves one square forward, plus one square diagonally. The move is like a move of a chess knight. However, shogi knight cannot move in a backwards direction. A "promoted knight(成桂)" moves in the same way as gold general.

 

Move of the Lance and Promoted Lance

【Move of the Lance】

【Move of the Lance】

【Move of the promoted Lance】

【Move of the promoted Lance】

A "lance(香)" moves any number of squares straight forward. A "promoted lance(成香)" moves in the same way as gold general.

 

Move of the Pawn and Promoted Pawn

【Move of the Pawn】

【Move of the Pawn】

【Move of the promoted Pawn】

【Move of the promoted Pawn】

A "pawn(歩)" moves one square straight forward. The move is like a move of chess pawn. However, shogi pawns never move diagonally when capturing, unlike chess pawns. A "promoted pawn(と金)" moves in the same way as gold general.

 

Summary

The lower figure shows the movement of all the shogi pieces.

【Movement of all peices】

【Movement of all peices】

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I’m Konan, and I live in Tokyo, Japan. I would like to tell you how interesting shogi is on this blog.